Science et Vie n° 464, mai 1956, 1956
Yves Klein was born in Nice in 1928 and died in Paris in 1962. He began his working life as a judo teacher – at the time he was the only black belt in Europe – before exposing his first monochromes in 1955, the year he met the New Realist art critic Pierre Restany. Over a period of seven years until his premature death due to a heart attack, he pushed back the frontiers of contemporary art through his taste for experimentation: the releasing of 1001 balloons, sponge sculptures, “leaps into the void”, “cosmogonies” involving rain and wind, fire and gold paintings… His trademark was his IKB (International Klein Blue, copyrighted in 1960) - the color of the sky, the color of the void and the immaterial… His “anthropometries” transformed human bodies (naked and daubed with paint) into “living paintbrushes”. Flesh lending form to color and thought. The Centre Pompidou organized retrospectives of his work in 1983 and 2006. His work is exhibited internationally.